Bloodborne Pathogens FAQs

Q: What are Bloodborne pathogens?

A: Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms that are infectious in human blood and can result in disease. Some common pathogens are hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). Bloodborne pathogens are are present in many occupations such as first responders, housekeeping, nurses and health keepers.

Q: What should be done to prevent exposure to bloodborne pathogens?

A: All employers should have a plan to prevent and control exposure on their worksite. The plan should include correct procedures, personal protective equipment, and employee training.

Q: How do I dispose of regulated wasted related to bloodborne pathogens?

A: Regulated waste should be placed in containers which comply to the following standards:

  • Closeable
  • Designed to prevent leaking
  • Properly labeled
  • Closed and sealed before transport

Q: Who should have vaccinations for hepatitis B and who should cover the costs?

A: The hepatitis B vaccination should be made available to all employees who have any occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. The employer must cover the costs of the vaccination and any follow up visits.


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